Glossary

GLOSSARY

Essential terms for navigating and understanding the debate on U.S. immigration policy.

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There are currently 2 terms in this directory beginning with the letter F.
Family Case Management Program (FCMP)
A program through which case managers worked to ensure that individuals complied with their legal obligations as they moved through their immigration proceedings. Steps in the compliance program included check-ins with ICE, attendance at immigration court hearings, and acceptance of removal orders. These measures were overseen by trained caseworkers who could also ensure that participants in the program remained in their community of residence with their family. This program is often cited as an alternative to immigrant detention. It operated in five metropolitan areas (Baltimore/D.C., Los Angeles, New York, Miami, and Chicago) and achieved 99 percent compliance for check-ins and 100 percent compliance for court hearings. The program cost $36 a day per person, compared with $133 per day per person for detention. FCMP was terminated by the Trump administration.
Flores Settlement Agreement (FSA)
A 1997 settlement that resulted from a court case, Flores v. Reno, which established the illegality of detaining migrant minors for more than 20 days. The agreement also established various standards for detention. A circuit court ruling determined that this agreement pertained to both unaccompanied minors and minors traveling with families. The result was that under an Obama administration policy whole families with minor children would be released on their own recognizance after the 20-day limit for detention of minors was reached. The Trump administration has used FSA as a rationale for its “family separation” policy and has argued that the agreement should only be applied to unaccompanied minors—a change that would allow the federal government to detain families with minor children for as long as it sees fit. In June 2018, Trump signed an executive order canceling his administration’s family separation policy in the face of intense public outcry. Six days later, a federal judge issued an injunction against the practice. However, news reports allege that the Trump administration has continued the practice.